Designing & Weaving Approaches of FVCPF in Handloom

Figured velvet chenille pile cloth (FVCPF) is a novel pile fabric acquiring equivalent determine impact of coloured weft tufts on either side woven with colour patterned velvet chenille pile yarn by subsequent unique coming up with and weaving tactics making use of two handlooms.

The main handloom is about and each of the essential patterned weft fabrics are woven as per the calculated colour sample. The 2nd handloom is applied to generate ultimate fabric by weaving or placing the patterned velvet chenille pile yarn as per the targeted motif. The various high-quality parameters-weft tufts per cm, diameter and crimp of velvet chenille pile yarn, weft tufts for every sqcm magazine homme and body weight and thickness from the figured velvet chenille pile cloth-are actually summarised. Some great benefits of manufacturing classic FVCPF over figured carpet chenille pile material had been researched. It absolutely was observed that the existing decentralised power loom and handloom clusters with each other can pretty effectively take the production of FVCPF to manufacture diversified goods like carpets, desk mats, doorway mats and toilet mats not just for your domestic marketplaces but additionally for exports.


The standard handloom weavers inside the locations of Bhadohi-Mirzapur, Panipat, Jaipur and Agra are famous for weaving different pile carpet/rug fabrics dating back again to the sixteenth century. It is believed that weaving in these regions was recognized centuries in the past by Iranian learn weavers whilst travelling to The carpet types incorporate cotton dhurry, Chhapra Mir carpets, Loribaft, Indo Gabbeh and Nepalese carpets and chenille rugs. ‘Chenille’ refers to either a kind of yarn or material created from it. Chenille is the French term for caterpillar whose fur, the yarn is imagined to resemble. According to textile historians, chenille-kind yarn is usually a the latest invention, relationship towards the 18th century and thought to are already originated in France while in the 1780s.two The original approach involved was weaving a ‘leno’ material then reducing The material into strips to make the chenille yarn. Alexander Buchanan, a foreman within a Paisley fabric mill, is credited with introducing chenille cloth to Scotland inside the 1830s. There, he designed a means to weave fuzzy shawls. Tufts of coloured wool were woven jointly into a blanket which was then Lower into strips. They had been treated by heating rollers to develop the frizz. This resulted in an exceedingly smooth, fuzzy material named chenille.3

Chenille voile was also described as fabric embellished with types that usually are designed through stripes of velvet or plush weft pile.4 Chenille yarn is made of quick size of spun yarns or filaments which might be held jointly by two or four finishes of really twisted great solid yarns. The shorter lengths are called pile or tuft plus the very twisted yarns are referred to as core or lock yarn.

Chenille yarn depend is determined by lock yarn rely, tuft yarn rely and the level of tuft yarn fed onto the lock yarn.5 Three functions are required in developing chenille pile fabric using chenille pile yarn. The main Procedure is weft fabric weaving, the 2nd

Chenille yarn count is set by lock yarn count, tuft yarn count and the level of tuft yarn fed onto the lock yarn.5 A few functions are required in generating chenille pile material working with chenille pile yarn. The initial operation is weft material weaving, the second Procedure is chenille pile yarn preparing plus the 3rd is chenille pile yarn location/weaving.six

The distinctive element of chenille pile figured material created by utilizing chenille yarn can be a simple weave Minimize piled cloth developed with no assist of wires and it reveals a similar determine effects of coloured weft tufts on both sides contrary to Individuals fabrics woven on jacquard

Figured velvet chenille pile fabric

There are 2 types of chenille pile yarn: carpet chenille pile yarn (CCPY) and velvet chenille pile yarn (VCPY). For developing CCPY, the main process of weft cloth weaving Procedure is carried in the main loom. The weft cloth is made by interweaving the weft yarn with teams of warp threads in ‘leno weave’ which might be placed some distance apart as proven in Fig. 1a.

This really is accompanied by the 2nd process of making ready V-formed chenille pile yarn, by which the weft material is very first converted into several extended strips by cutting in the center as shown in Fig. 1b and 1c. In the subsequent Procedure, by next heat, humidity and strain-environment procedures, the weft tufts venture from your gauze warp threads at 1 route assuming a V condition web agency toronto and that is termed CCPY as proven in Fig 1d.

During the 3rd means of chenille yarn location, the V-formed CCPY is woven in the next loom applying Unique weaves, making the tufts to task from the inspiration fabric to make basic carpet chenille pile fabric (SCCPF). The carpet chenille pile material So manufactured turns into non-reversible as a result of V-shape CCPY as revealed in Fig 1d.

For manufacturing VCPY, the main strategy of weft fabric weaving operation is carried in the initial loom. The weft cloth is made by interweaving the weft yarn with teams of warp threads in plain weave (leno weave in CCPY) that happen to be placed a long way aside as demonstrated in Fig 2a. This really is accompanied by the next process of making ready spherical-shaped chenille pile yarn through which the weft cloth is very first transformed into a number of extensive strips by slicing in the center as revealed in Fig 2b and 2c.

By subsequent twisting method (heat setting in CCPY) the weft tufts undertaking within the simple warp threads in all directions assuming round condition (V condition in CCPY) which is referred to as as ‘Velvet Chenille Pile Yarn (VCPY)’ as proven in Fig second. While in the 3rd technique of chenille pile yarn location, the round shape VCPY is woven in the second loom making use of ‘simple weave’ (special weave in CCPY) with warp set in low dense also to be covered entirely from the VCPY to generate ‘Straightforward Velvet Chenille Pile Cloth (SVCPF)’. The velvet chenille pile cloth So developed will become reversible as a result of spherical condition VCPY as revealed in Fig second.

Fig. one – Carpet Chenille pile yarn and material and Fig. 2 – Velvet Chenille pile yarn and cloth

Planning plays an important job in making ‘Figured Chenille Pile Fabric’ of these two types, that is, ‘Figured Carpet Chenille Pile Cloth (FCCPF)’ and ‘Figured Velvet Chenille Pile Cloth (FVCPF)’ making use of CCPY and VCPY respectively. In generating each the forms of figured chenille material, To begin with, a specific motif is made a decision and its colour pattern is developed. In the next process, the weft yarn of different colours is woven to generate cloth in the definite weft pattern According to the colour pattern of targeted motif. Inside the third process, the patterned chenille pile yarn is prepared from the weft patterned fabric. The patterned colour tufts within the chenille pile yarn is set to supply focused motif from the fourth strategy of chenille pile yarn setting/ weaving. That’s why, in manufacturing figured chenille pile fabric of equally the varieties, the processes to get followed are ‘motif and pattern designing’, ‘patterned weft cloth weaving’, ‘patterned chenille pile yarn preparing’ and ‘figured chenille pile material weaving’.

With the Fig 1 and Fig 2, the colour pattern of chenille yarn horizontally noticed in the final fabric is 6 purple, 4 blue, two environmentally friendly and four blue and it signifies width of every colour required. It can be to observe that the horizontal pattern in the final material is vertically noticed during the weft patterned cloth woven in the 1st loom. Which means that the figured colour deign needed in the final fabric must be rotated 90O and has to be study horizontally for colour patterning

This examine discusses about the next style; FPCVF employing round-form patterned velvet chenille pile yarn. An experiment was carried out to generate a little desk mat of FPCVF by taking an easy motif. Different weft fabrics to get woven and weft colour pattern of each cloth had been derived from the motif. Two looms were set, just one to weave patterned weft cloth and various to weave chenille pile yarn weaving. The planning and weaving particulars were observed coupled with images. The quality particulars of patterned VCPY manufactured as well as FVCPF woven ended up recorded.

Importance of examine
The uniqueness of FVCPF is its reversible use with similar figure on both sides, smoothness on account of weft yarn tufts and thickness. As a consequence of these options, figured velvet chenille pile weaving can be employed to manufacture diversified solutions like carpets, table mats, door mats and toilet mats of top quality. For this, it is very important to educate the young weavers to practice and make them self-assured to make FVCPF. It’s important to prepare a designer as well as a list of 3 individuals to weave the fabric. The designer has to deal with planning and calculations of colour patterning. The main weaver to weave in initially loom to create weft colour patterned fabric. The second 1 helps cut the fabric into strips and twist it to create patterned velvet chenille pile yarn. The third a person could be the weaver who weaves the patterned velvet chenille pile yarn into material by properly positioning the patterned yarn similar to weft tie and dye cloth weaving. This review aims to file the creating and weaving techniques associated with systematically creating this pile material to generate the present era of textile technologists fully grasp the energy of your handloom technology and transfer the identical for the weavers.

Motif and pattern building

A simple repeat of multi symmetrical geometrical motif is prepared in 12 x twelve graph in 3 colours indicated by a few various marks (X, O, #) with floor left as blank. The repeat is shown at The underside remaining of Fig three(a). Blank floor corresponds to product colour. ‘X’, ‘O’ and ‘#’ marks indicate brown, green and black colours respectively. Four repeats of the motif organized in 2 repeats x two repeats, as demonstrated in Fig three(a), which implies the final figured velvet chenille pile table mat of thirty.forty eight cm x 30.48 cm (twelve” x twelve”) in measurement being woven in 2nd loom. Therefore, Every single square in the motif is taken into account equal to 1.27 sq cm (0.5 sq inch) and also the repeat will become 15.24 sq cm. (6 sq inch). Every single vertical Area from the motif corresponds to 1.27 cm (0.five”) width of chenille pile yarn in the ultimate material and each horizontal House corresponds to 1.27 cm (0.5″) size of ultimate material woven by chenille pile yarn. The twelve vertical Areas of repeat of motif, which are bisymmetrical of six unique vertical spaces, are numbered serially from ‘I to VI’ after which ‘VI to I’. In the same way the twelve horizontal Areas which are bisymmetrical of 6 various horizontal Areas, are numbered serially from ‘A to File’ after which from ‘File to some’.

Fig. three – (a) Repeat of geometrical motif in twelve X 12 and four repeats of motif symbolizing ultimate table mat, (b) Motif is turned 90O and (c) 6 weft colour styles (A to F) are derived for weaving weft fabric

The 12 X 12 layout in Fig three(a) is turned 90o as seen in Fig. three(b), by which the horizontal spaces turn out to be vertical and vice versa. Inside the turned design in Fig 3(b), Each and every vertical Place from the to F represents warp threads and every horizontal spaces ‘I to VI’ signifies weft threads of patterned weft cloth to get woven in the main loom. In Fig three(c) 6 diverse vertical spaces, A to F, are indicated separately to know the repeating of weft pattern. This shows that in the course of the to start with technique of weft fabric weaving in the very first loom, 6 distinct weft fabrics ‘A to File’ of enough size are required to be made in which the colour weft is woven as per the sequence of colour pattern /marks in the horizontal spaces.

Weft patterned weft cloth weaving

The initial handloom is ready with two healds and two treadles, as shown in Fig four(a), for the very first process of weft patterned weft fabric weaving in basic weave According to the calculated weft colour sample. Warp depend of 60/two tex in white colour is drawn in the two healds. The reed contains 24 splits in two.fifty four cm. 4 finishes are drawn in a dent making a set of Main or lock yarn. Eleven splits are left empty involving Just about every established, that makes 1.27 cm Room still left in between each list of 4 finishes. Total width of warp is set to contain 65 sets of 4 finishes. Aside from this, selvedge of 1.27 cm width on each side is set with two ply of warp yarn by leaving 11 splits space. As a result, the full width of warp results in being 86.six cm [1.27 cm (66 Areas x1.27 cm) one.27 cm]. The entire ends within the warp are 356 [48 (65×4) forty eight].

Fig. 4 – (a) 1st loom established to weave weft patterned weft fabric and (b) Weft patterned weft fabrics A, B, C and E woven from 1st loom

The weft yarn depend of 60 Tex is Utilized in two ply causing a hundred and twenty Tex. Four picks of two ply weft is woven in each shed applying ‘capture wire method’ that may be taken as a set. Originally by demo, it is actually mentioned that with regular beating, 8 sets of 4 picks of 2 ply weft yarn occupies one.27 cm length of cloth on loom. That is certainly, in full, sixty four picks (eight x four x 2) are woven in 1.27 cm on loom which happens to be equivalent to measurement of each and every horizontal space taken in coming up with the motif. With this particular, the colour sample for being adopted for each weft fabric is calculated regarding quantity of sets of eight picks as presented in Table 1, 2 and three.

Desk: Weft colour sample of weft cloth A and B

Desk two: Weft colour pattern of weft cloth C and D

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